NSW Farmers, meanwhile, said landholder certainty had been “vapourised” by the gas plan.
“The Liverpool Plains is a key food bowl with some of best the soils in the world,” NSW Farmers President James Jackson said. “The fragile and interconnected nature of its groundwater systems is the main reason why more coal mines have not been supported in these regions.”
Mr Barilaro said far-western NSW, such as Broken Hill, had been excluded from exploration, and he also pledged that regions with gasfields would retain some of the revenue generated.
“We want to ensure communities where gas exploration occurs receive their fair share and that’s why I’m also confirming additional funding will be made available for these local government areas through a future round of Resources for Regions,” Mr Barilaro said.
Roy Butler, the Shooters, Fishers and Farmers MP whose electorate covers some of the permitted gas zone, predicted farmers in Wee Waa and Boggabri will “be out of their trees” in opposition to the plan.
Mr Butler also took exception to claims in the gas statement that the fossil fuel planned to be imported by Andrew “Twiggy” Forest at Port Kembla by 2023 and other terminals would be “unlikely to deliver gas into NSW at the same price as local production”.
“Please show us how Narrabri will lower prices,” Mr Butler said, adding that it was more likely imports would “put another nail in the Narrabri coffin” because of the high cost of extraction and delivery.
APPEA, the oil and gas industry lobby, was also disappointed with the plan, saying it would lock up most of the state from development and deliver “a body blow for local consumers, thousands of jobs, the environment and businesses”. Customers would be left paying well over $20 per gigajoule of gas.
“This shortsighted decision will mean higher gas prices in NSW are the norm, not the exception,” Ashley Wells, APPEA’s NSW Director, said. “Appeasement of vocal and extreme minorities will continue to mean that NSW will face ongoing economic and energy security risks.”
Madeline Taylor, a senior law lecturer at Macquarie University and a member of the Climate Council, said it remained unclear whether the licences would actually be extinguished as the government only planned to amend the Mining State Environmental Planning Policy rather than legislating for their elimination.
“We’re creating a gas belt,” Dr Taylor said. “There’s no permanency in this for communities in terms of their protection from gas exploration and production.”
Georgina Woods, a spokeswoman for the Lock The Gate Alliance, said the gas statement contradicted the government’s own net-zero emissions goal for industry with its prediction of long-term increases in gas use.
Ms Woods said the plans to develop more gas around Narrabri also contrasted with the International Energy Agency’s recent opposition to so-called green-field fossil fuel projects: “They very clearly said there should be no new gas developments if we’re going to achieve net-zero targets.”
The Herald also approached Santos for comment.